29 North Carolina Backyard Feeder Birds (with Custom Identification Images)

I am excited to share my guide to the 29 North Carolina Backyard feeder birds. I have prepared custom-made identification images and gathered lots of information about each of the 30 birds most frequently reported at backyard bird feeders in the Old North State; including their songs and calls. Let’s see what I have put together!

  • Click-open the table of contents below to jump to a species account, or scroll down and navigate this page.
Most commonly reported visitors to backyard bird feeders in North Carolina.

This guide includes the 29 most frequently reported birds by North Carolina bird enthusiasts participating in the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology Feederwatch Program. Each species account includes a custom-made identification image of birds in the plumages that you are likely to see in your backyard. It is nice to see sparrows and chickadees flying in and out of the backyard, but identifying them and learning details of their natural history makes the backyard bird feeding experience more enjoyable.

What types of birds visit backyard feeders in North Carolina?

The type of birds visiting backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina are primarily sparrows, finches, and their allies. This group also includes siskins, goldfinches, juncos, and buntings.

Fewer species are included in other groups of backyard birds. Besides the blackbirds that include four species, the remaining groups include only two or one species.

Bird groups and the number of species per group

  • Sparrows, Finches, and their allies: 10 species.
  • Blackbirds: 3 species.
  • Mockingbird and Thrashers: 2 species.
  • Bluebirds and Robins: 2 species.
  • Woodpeckers: 2 species.
  • Jays and Crows: 2 species.
  • Titmouse and Chickadees: 2 species.
  • Nuthatches: 2 species.
  • Warblers: 2 species.
  • Wrens: 1 species.
  • Doves: 1 species.
  • Starlings: 1
North Carolina backyard birds divided by their primary diet.

Most birds that visit bird feeders in North Carolina are seed and grain-eaters. The second largest group is composed of insect eaters. Diet generalists and those that combine fruit and insects are represented in smaller numbers.

Most of the 488 species of birds recorded in North Carolina are insect eaters. One would expect that most birds visiting bird feeders in the state are also insectivores (specialized in eating insects). However, grain and seed eaters compose the largest group.

This mismatch may be partly explained by the birds’ natural history and habitat use. Insectivore birds have stereotyped foraging strategies, and morphological adaptations, to catch insects in the air or on specific surfaces. These birds may not see a bird feeder as a food source.

Other birds use habitat types that make it unlikely to encounter bird feeders (i.e., forest canopy).

Birds that visit bird feeders are more flexible and adaptable to obtain their food in different ways and habitats; these birds lean towards the more generalist side of the spectrum.

Another reason for the lack of insectivore representation at feeders is that offering insects is more complicated and expensive than offering bird seed. No doubt that catering to insectivore birds would attract a higher number of them to your feeders.

The birds visiting backyard feeders in North Carolina divided by their primary diet.

  • Seeds & Grains: 40%
  • Insects: 30%
  • Fruit & Insects: 14%
  • Diet generalists: 13%

Identification pictures of species that come to backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina

Carolina Wren.

Identifying backyard birds gives many hours of enjoyment to many people in North Carolina. This guide will help you recognize the colorful birds’ male, female, and juvenile plumages and the little brown ones. The custom-made identification images for each species emphasize a birds’ markings and field marks to pay attention to.

Each species account includes aspects of the bird’s natural history, enhancing the bird feeding and watching experiences.

Recognizing the species of birds in your backyard is not only rewarding but can also help them. Backyard birders can contribute to these birds’ study and conservation by submitting their sightings to databases where they are used for scientific research.

Also, knowing the types of birds that visit your backyard can help you cater to specific types by using the type of birdseed and feeders they prefer. Cardinals like hulled sunflower seeds while American goldfinches prefer nyjer or thistle seed.

List of birds that visit backyard feeders in North Carolina

Birds visit backyard feeders in North Carolina at different rates. The following list includes the 29 birds that more often visit bird feeders in the State, ranked by frequency. Percentages are based on observations made by North Carolina residents who feed backyard birds.

This list also gives an idea about what birds one can expect to visit a new bird feeder in North Carolina. The top 10 birds are those that will, almost certainly, visit your backyard if you offer food to our feathered friends. 

Most common to
least common a
feeders
Bird SpeciesPercentage backyard
bird feeders visited
in the North Carolina
1Northern Cardinal97.1
2Carolina Chickadee96.5
3Tufted Titmouse94.7
4Carolina Wren92.9
5House Finch88.8
6Mourning Dove86.5
7American Goldfinch78.9
8Downy Woodpecker78.9
9Red-bellied Woodpecker76.6
10Northern Mockingbird73.1
11Eastern Bluebird72.5
12Blue Jay68.4
13Chipping Sparrow67.8
14Yellow-rumped Warbler67.2
15Pine Warbler65.5
16American Robin61.9
17Purple Finch54.9
18White-breasted Nuthatch54.4
19Brown-headed Cowbird50.8
20Brown Thrasher50.3
21White-throated Sparrow49.7
22Brown-headed Nuthatch49.1
23American Crow 47.9
24Pine Siskin47.4
25Dark-eyed Junco45
26Common Grackle<45
27Eastern Towhee<45
28Red-winged Blackbird<45
29Song Sparrow<45

What type of bird feeder should I get in North Carolina?

The type of bird feeder to get in North Carolina is a platform feeder, particularly if one is starting to feed backyard birds. 

I made a simple analysis of the type of feeders preferred by backyard feeder birds. The results apply to North Carolina and other states as these birds have wide ranges in North America.

According to the data analyzed, most (92.5%) birds use platform feeders, followed by large hopper feeders (64.8%). Many birds (32%) are comfortable feeding on the ground.

The analysis consisted of tallying bird species by bird feeder type used. The use of feeder types by birds comes from reports submitted to the FeederWatch Project of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. 

The table below shows the bird feeder types most frequently used by backyard birds in North Carolina Carolina.

Feeder TypeNumber of Species that use itPercentage
Platform5092.5
Large Hopper3564.8
Ground3259.2
Large Tube2037.0
Suet Cage2037.0
Small Tube1527.7
Small Hopper916.6

How do I attract birds to my bird feeder? 

Attracting birds to your bird feeders in North Carolina is as simple as putting up a feeder with food or spraying birdseed on the ground. Once one or two birds find the food source, other birds will follow them coming and going from your yard.

It is very important to be consistent. Once you put birdseed out for the birds, they will make visiting your backyard a part of their daily routine. If food is unavailable for several days, they will drop your backyard as a reliable source of food and visit it only sporadically.

The time it takes for the birds to discover your feeders depends on the vegetation in your yard and around it. Generally, bushes and trees attract birds, and more birds around are more likely to notice your feeders.

The bird feeder should be located in a place visible to the birds. In the past, I have recommended starting spraying food on the ground or putting food on a platform feeder, or simply a piece of plywood on the ground to start attracting birds. 

Once you have a few birds visiting your yard, you can implement a hopper or tube feeder. You can gradually move the bird feeder to a location in your yard where you can enjoy them from your home, for instance, outside the kitchen window.

What type of food do I need to attract birds in North Carolina?

My preferred food for beginners is birdseed mixes available in grocery stores. Bird seed mixes include several seeds and grains that appeal to a wider variety of birds.

Once you get birds coming to your feeders, you can begin to offer the type of food that is more likely to attract the birds you want to see in your feeders.

Species Information

A fair amount of the information in this guide is obtained from observations made by individuals in the community. The Federwatch Program and eBird collect citizen reports while making the data openly available to the public.

Monthly frequency/abundance at feeders: The monthly abundance bar is based on the number of times the species is reported on checklists submitted to eBird for the State of North Carolina. Monthly overall abundance is likely to be reflected in backyards in the state. For instance:

gray-catbird-presence
In months with a thick blue bar, the species was frequently reported on lists submitted to eBird. Blue bars with narrow sections indicate that the species is scarce during those months.

Birds that visit backyard bird feeders in North Carolina

SPARROWS, FINCHES, & ALLIES

In the State of North Carolina, sparrows, finches, and their allies constitute the largest group of backyard feeder birds. Most are ground-feeder birds that also feed on platforms, hoppers, and tube feeders.

Birds in this group have heavy, conical, seed-crushing bills. Backyard feeders generally offer seeds and grain that sparrows, finches, cardinals, and buntings like. Some birds in this group take more insects and other invertebrates during the breeding season and switch to a large seed and grain diet during the rest of the year. 


Northern Cardinal

Length 9″, Weight 1.6 oz

Identification: The male northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is all red with a conspicuous crest and long tail. The female is warm-brown with red on the wings and tail. Juveniles resemble a female.
Food: Food: Attract cardinals with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.
Feeder: It favors large tube, large hopper, and platform feeders. It also feeds on the ground.
Frequency: Northern cardinals visit 95.6% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 2.6 individuals. 
Behavior: Northern cardinals can be aggressive to smaller birds but are displaced by blue jays, woodpeckers, grackles, and larger birds.
Backyard: Favors dense cover and tall shrubs and trees, but will visit just about any type of yard with enough vegetation in or near it.

mourning-dove-status
The Northern cardinal is the most popular and common bird feeder visitor in the State of North Carolina. They do not turn dull in the winter and maintain their plumage year-round.

Nest: Northern cardinals build a cup-shaped nest in a fork of small branches, shrubs, or vine tangle, 1-15 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: The northern cardinal breeds in March through mid-September.
Breeding period: Northern cardinals lay 2-5 grayish to buffy white eggs speckled with light brown. It takes approximately 22 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 10 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Northern cardinals live at least 15 years and nine months.


House Finch

house-finch-
Length 6″, Weight 0.7 oz

Identification: The male house finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) has red on the head and breast, contrasting with the gray-brown of the rest of the body. A few males have yellow instead of red. Females are gray-brown streaked with black on the back, breast, and belly.
Food: Attract house finches with black oil sunflower seed, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, and nyjer.
Feeder: It favors large tube feed, small and large hopper, and platform feeders.
Frequency: The house finch visits 89.7% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 2.9 individuals. Sometimes much larger flocks.
Behavior: House finches are surprisingly submissive to even smaller birds. They generally interact well with other birds at feeders.
Backyard: Favors human-created habitats and are common in suburban settings.

The house finch is now a year-round resident bird in most of the State of North Carolina. It has been expanding its geographic range in the last decades.

Nest: House finches build an open cup surrounded by twigs in trees, cactus, and rock ledges. It also nests in light fixtures, house decorations, hanging planters, and building ledges.
Breeding season: The house finch breeds in late March through early August.
Breeding period: The house finch lays 2-6 bluish-white eggs dotted with brown. It takes about 29 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 16 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: House finches live at least 11 years and 7 months.


Purple Finch

Length 6″, Weight 0.88 oz

Identification: The male purple finch (Haemorhous purpureus) is raspberry red, more saturated on the head and breast. The female is brown heavily streaked below with a patterned head.
Food: Attract purple finches with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, nyjer, and millet.
Feeder: It favors large and small tube feeders. It also uses hoppers and platform feeders.
Frequency: Purple finches visit 59.1% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 3.1 individuals.
Behavior: It is not aggressive at feeders. The purple finch is a semi-nomadic bird that may visit your feeder in one year but not the next.
Backyard: Purple finch favors edges of woodlands, particularly coniferous ones. Feeders near woodlands are more likely to attract purple finches.

Purple finches are non-breeding visitors in the State of North Carolina. Expect them at your feeders in November through May.

Nest: It builds a cup-shaped nest on branches of coniferous trees or trees in deciduous forests. The height from the ground varies from 5 to 50 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: Purple finches breed in April through August.
Breeding period: The purple finch lays 2-7 grayish eggs with dusky specks. It takes approximately 26 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Purple finches live at least 12 years and 8 months.


Chipping Sparrow

Length 5.5″, Weight 0.4 oz

Identification: The chipping sparrow (Spizella passerina) in breeding plumage is grayish below with a rusty cap and black eyeline. Birds in non-breeding plumage have a dusky-brown cap and darker brown plumage. Juveniles are gray-brown with black streaks below.
Food: Attract chipping sparrows with hulled sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, millet, and milo.
Feeder: They favor large and small hoppers and platform feeders. They are also ground feeders eating spilled seeds below elevated feeders.
Frequency: The chipping sparrow visits 67.6% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 4.3 individuals.
Behavior: Chipping sparrows are submissive to most other birds at feeders, even birds smaller in size.
Backyard: It favors semi-open habitats often in suburban areas. Shrubs and small trees at the edges of your yard are used by chipping sparrows for hiding.

The chipping sparrow is a breeding resident in North Carolina. Expect them at your feeders in the winter and summer months.

Nest: It builds a cup-shaped nest in dense foliage or the tip of a branch, usually within 15 feet above the ground, but sometimes higher.
Breeding season: Chipping sparrows breed in late March through late August.
Breeding period: Chipping sparrows lay 2-7 bluish eggs lightly streaked and spotted with dark gray. It takes about 24 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 d, nestling period 11 d) until fledging.
Lifespan: Chipping sparrows live at least 10 years and 11 months.


Song Sparrow

Length 6.2″, Weight 0.7 oz

Identification: The song sparrow (Melospiza melodia) has a patterned back and dark brown or rusty streaks in the underparts. Notice the brown spot in the breast and unstreaked pale center of the belly. Male and female look alike.
Food: Attract song sparrows with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.
Feeder: It typically feeds on the ground eating the seed spilled from the hanging feeders. It can use platform feeders as well.
Frequency: Song sparrows visit 53.7% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 1.3 individuals.
Behavior: As with other ground feeders, song sparrows are not aggressive to other birds while feeding on the ground.
Backyard: Song sparrows use a wide variety of semi-open habitats. They visit just about any backyard type in their preferred habitat.

The song sparrow is a winter visitor in most of North Carolina. It is a year-round resident in the northern fourth of the state.

Nest: Song sparrows build a cup-shaped nest, usually in tall grass or shrubs on the ground. They also nest on branches above the ground and in flower beds in urban areas.
Breeding season: Song sparrows breed from mid-April to late July.
Breeding period: Song sparrows lay 2-5  greenish spotted with brown eggs. It takes approximately 24 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 11 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Song sparrows live at least 11 years and four months.


White-throated Sparrow

Length 6.7″, Weight 0.91 oz

Identification: The white-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis) has a patterned head showing a yellow patch in front of the eye. This sparrow has two plumage morphs: white-striped and tan-striped.
Food: Attract white-throated sparrows with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.
Feeder: It feeds mostly on the ground, eating birdseed spilled by elevated feeders. It also uses platform feeders.
Frequency: The white-throated sparrow visits <48% or fewer backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 1.5 individuals.
Behavior: Not an aggressive bird easily displaced by more aggressive ones.
Backyard: The white-throated sparrow forages in semi-open areas with some vegetation cover. Favors backyards that offer vegetation cover near the feeders.

The white-throated sparrow is a winter visitor in North Carolina. Expect them at your feeders from November through May.

Nest: White-throated sparrows build a cup-shaped nest on or near the ground.
Breeding season: The white-throated sparrow breeds in late May through mid-August.
Breeding period: The white-throated sparrow lays 2-6 pale bluish-green eggs speckled with chestnut-brown. It takes approximately 23 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 11 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: White-throated sparrows live at least 14 years and 11 months.


Eastern Towhee

Length 8.5″, Weight 1.4 oz

Identification: The male eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) has a black hood and back while the female has brown instead of black. Both sexes have a white belly with rich brown sides.
Food: Attract eastern towhees with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.
Feeder: This towhee is largely a ground feeder that takes seeds spilled below elevated feeders. It uses platform feeders and, less often, hopper feeders.
Frequency: The eastern towhee visits 60.4% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 1.4 individuals.
Behavior: Eastern towheeS feed mostly on the ground along with other ground feeders, which are generally not aggressive to each other.
Backyard: This bird occurs in dense low vegetation and is reluctant to venture away from it. It is more likely to visit backyard feeders located adjacent to this habitat type.

The eastern towhee is a common year-round resident in the State of North Carolina. Expect them at your feeders any time of the year.

Nest: Eastern towhees nest in accumulations of leaf litter on the ground. Less often in vine tangles above the ground.
Breeding season: Eastern towhees breed in May through mid-August.
Breeding period: It lays 2-6 creamy or grayish speckled with reddish spots eggs. It takes approximately 24 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 12 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Eastern towhees live at least nine years.


Dark-eyed Junco

Length 5.5″, Weight 0.5 oz

Identification: The male dark-eyed junco (Melospiza melodia) is slate gray and white. Females are a dull grayish-brown version of the male. Both sexes have pink bills and white outer tail feathers.
Food: Attract juncos with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.
Feeder: It feeds mostly on the ground, eating birdseed spilled by elevated feeders. It readily uses platform and hopper feeders.
Frequency: The dark-eyed junco visits 48.9% of backyard feeders in North Carolina in groups of 2.1 individuals.
Behavior: Not an aggressive bird that visits backyards often in flocks. Easily displaced by more aggressive birds.
Backyard: The dark-eyed junco forages in semi-open areas with some vegetation cover. Favors backyards that offer vegetation cover near the feeders.

The dark-eyed junco is a non-breeding visitor in most of the State of North Carolina. It is a year-round resident only in the northeastern tip of the state.

Nest: Dark-eyed juncos build a cup-shaped on sloping ground or similar structures such us among the large roots of upturned trees.
Breeding season: The dark-eyed junco breeds in mid-April through late August.
Breeding period: Dark-eyed juncos lay 3-6  pale greenish spotted with brown eggs. It takes approximately 25 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 12 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Dark-eyed juncos live at least 11 years and four months.


American Goldfinch

Length 5″, Weight 0.5 oz

Identification: The American goldfinch (Spinus tristis) is in its winter plumage consisting of an unmarked brown with blackish wings and two broad pale wing bars. Breeding males replace the brown with bright yellow and a black cap.
Food: Attract American goldfinches to your yards with hulled sunflower and nyjer seeds.
Feeder: It favors large and small tube feeders, large hopper and platform feeders, and the ground.
Frequency: The American goldfinch visits 85.7% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 2.6 individuals.

Behavior: Non-aggressive and easy-going at feeders. Submissive to most other feeder birds. Often clings to feeders horizontally.
Backyard: Shrubs, tall weeds, and seed-producing weeds attract American goldfinches.

The American goldfinch occurs in North Carolina as a breeder and winter resident. It is a nonbreeding visitor to the southern tip of the State.

Nest: American goldfinches build a neat cup-shaped nest on twigs, dense shrubs, and dense foliage in overhanging branches of trees 4 to 15 feet above the ground. 
Breeding season: Goldfinches breed in early June through late September.
Breeding period: The American goldfinch lays 2-7 pale bluish-white eggs with brownish dots on the wide side of the egg. It takes about 27 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 d, nestling period 14 d) until fledging.
Lifespan: American goldfinches live at least 7 years.


Pine Siskin

pine-siskin
Length 5″, Weight 0.5 oz

Identification: The pine siskin (Spinus spinus) is a small finch all brown streaked with black. It has a pointed bill and a notched tail. Males show a variable amount of yellow on the wing.
Food: Attract pine siskins with small seeds such as thistle or nyjer, millet, and hulled sunflower seeds. They can also take peanut hearts and suet.
Feeder: Pine siskins tend to cling to vertical stems and also do so on bird feeders. They favor large tube, large hopper, and platform feeders.
Frequency: Pine siskins visit 77% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 6.8 individuals. 
Behavior: A nomadic bird, pine siskins can visit feeders one year and disappear the next. Non-aggressive and displaced by larger birds. Thistle feeders exclude most other birds.
Backyard: It is attracted to yards with shrubs and plenty of weeds with small seeds.

The pine siskin is a non-breeding visitor in North Carolina. Expect it at your feeders between November through mid-May.

Nest: Pine siskins build a cup-shaped nest concealed in dense foliage on overhanging branches. Several pairs may nest in close proximity.
Breeding season: This siskin breeds between March through August.
Breeding period: Pine siskins lay 3-5  greenish with light brown specks eggs. It takes approximately 28 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 15 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: They live at least nine years and 2 months.


DOVES AND PIGEONS

In North Carolina, doves are represented only by one species. Doves and pigeons are entirely vegetarian at all times of the year. They have a weak straight bill adapted to pick seeds and grains and swallow them whole. They are unable to crush seeds as finches and sparrows do. Some may take small berries. 


Mourning Dove

Length 12″, Weight 4.2 oz

Identification: The mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) is all brown with dark spots on the wing. Juveniles have pale edging on feathers. 
Food: Attract mourning doves with hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, oats, and milo.
Feeder: It feeds mostly on the ground, below elevated feeders. The mourning dove also uses platform and large hopper feeders.
Frequency: Mourning doves visit 85.8% of bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 3.3 individuals.
Behavior: The mourning dove is non-aggressive at feeders but stands its ground against other birds. Submissive to blue jays, blackbirds, and crows.
Backyard: It favors relatively open yards where it usually feeds on spilled seeds on the ground below hanging feeders.

mourning-dove-presence
The Mourning dove is a fairly common year-round resident in North Carolina.

Nest: Mourning doves build a precarious platform of twigs placed in a fork, branch, or dense foliage, usually 10 to 15 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: Mourning doves breed in mid-February through early October.
Breeding period: The female lays 2 white eggs. It takes about 27 days from egg-laying (incubation period 14 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Mourning doves live at least 30 years and four months.


BLACKBIRDS & THEIR ALLIES

Blackbirds are diet generalists that eat seeds, grains, nectar, fruit, insects, and small invertebrates (including nestlings of other birds). Any food offered in birdfeeders is likely to attract blackbirds, often in flocks.


Brown-headed Cowbird

Length 7.5″, Weight 1.5 oz

Identification: Males brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) are glossy black with chestnut-brown heads. Females are gray-brown overall, with faint dark streaks on the breast and belly.
Food: Attract brown-headed cowbirds with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, cracked corn, millet, oats, and milo.
Feeder: Brown-headed cowbirds favor large hopper and platform feeders and the ground.
Frequency: The brown-headed cowbird visits 34% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 7.6 individuals.
Behavior: Aggressive to other birds, dominant over smaller birds. Attends feeders usually in flocks.
Backyard: Favors backyards that are open and near open woods and farmlands.

The brown-headed cowbird is a year-round resident in the State of North Carolina. Expect it at your feeders any time of the year.

Nest: Brown-headed cowbirds do not build nests but lay their eggs (parasitize) in the nest of other birds.
Breeding season: Brown-headed cowbirds breed in early April through the end of August.
Breeding period: A female cowbird lays 1-7 grayish eggs with brown spots. Birds that take over the parental duties for the cowbirds take about 23 days from egg-laying  (incubation period 11 days, nestling period 12 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Brown-headed cowbirds live at least nine years.


Red-winged Blackbird

Length 8.7″, Weight 1.8 oz

Identification: Adult breeding males red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) are black with bright red shoulder patches. Non-breeding males have rusty or whitish feather edges in the winter. Females and juveniles are brown with black streaks.
Food: Attract red-winged blackbird with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, cracked corn, peanuts hearts, millet, oats, and milo.
Feeder: It favors platform feeders. It uses visits large tube and large hopper feeders. It also feeds on the ground.
Frequency: The red-winged blackbird visits <48% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 4.6 individuals.
Behavior: It is aggressive to other birds taking over the feeders when present in large numbers. Submissive to blue jays, starlings, and red-bellied woodpeckers.
Backyard: Favors backyards near lakes, marshes, and farmland. It is a frequent visitor to feeders in semi-urban areas.

Red-winged blackbirds are year-round residents in North Carolina. They are more likely to visit bird feeders during the non-breeding months of Fall and Winter.

Nest: It builds a cup-shaped nest in vertical shoots of marshes often mixed with saplings, generally 3 to 6 feet from the water.
Breeding season: The red-winged blackbird breeds in early April through early August.
Breeding period: Red-winged blackbirds lay 2-4 bluish-green eggs with dark markings. It takes about 25 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 13 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Red-winged blackbirds live at least 15 years and nine months.


Common Grackle

Length 12.5″, Weight 4 oz

Identification: Common grackles (Quiscalus quiscula) look black from a distance. They have a shiny greenish head with shades of purple on the rest of the body. Its plumage is variable. Note the pale eye in adults.
Food: Attract common grackles with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, suet, cracked corn, peanuts, peanut hearts, fruit, millet, oats, and milo.
Feeder: It favors large hopper and platform feeders and feeds on the ground.
Frequency: Common grackles visit <48% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 4 or more individuals.
Behavior: One of the most aggressive and dominant birds at bird feeders in North Carolina. Takes over feeders when present.
Backyard: Favors open and semi-open habitats. Visit all types of yards often in flocks.  

The common grackle is a year-round resident in North Carolina. Expect them at your feeders any time of the year.

Nest: Common grackles build a bulky nest with an open cup in trees and shrubs, usually 20 feet or less above the ground. It can also nest in barns, rock crevices, and even stored farm equipment. 
Breeding season: Common grackles breed in early March through early July.
Breeding period: Common grackles lay 1-7 brownish to pale bluish-gray eggs spotted with brown. It takes about 28 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 15 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Common grackles live at least 23 years and 1 month.


MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS, & CATBIRDS

Mockingbirds and thrashers belong to the family Mimidae (Mimids). These birds delight backyard birders in North Carolina with not only their presence but also their songs. All are great songsters, and some are vocal mimics that incorporate parts of other local birds’ songs into their repertoire.

Mimids feed on insects and fruit. They use their bill to toss leaves and sticks or rake through leaf litter in search of food. They do something similar at bird feeders spilling over birdseed as they search for their favorite seed.


Northern Mockingbird

Length 10″, Weight 1.7 oz

Identification: The northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) is gray above and whitish gray below. In flight, it flashes white patches on the wings and white streaks on the long tail. Note its pale eyes.
Food: Attract northern mockingbirds with hulled sunflower seeds, suet, peanut hearts, fruit, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors platform feeders and the ground.
Frequency: The northern mockingbird visits 56.9% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.1 individuals.
Behavior: Non-aggressive at feeders and submissive to most other birds.
Backyard: Northern mockingbirds do well in all vegetation types, including yards in urban areas with little vegetation.

The northern mockingbird is a common year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: The northern mockingbird builds an open cup-shaped nest in dense shrubs, usually 2-10 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: Northern mockingbirds breed in late February through mid-September.
Breeding period: Northern mockingbirds lay 2-6 bluish or greenish eggs blotched with brown. It takes about 25 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period: 12 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: The northern mockingbird lives at least 11 years and 7 months.


Brown Thrasher

Length 11.5″, Weight 2.4 oz

Identification: The brown thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) has a long tail, reddish-brown back, and pale wing bars. The underparts are heavily streaked with black. The eyes are pale yellow. 
Food: Attract brown thrashers with hulled sunflower seeds, suet cage, cracked corn, and peanut hearts.
Feeder: It favors platform feeders and also feeds on the ground.
Frequency: The brown thrasher visits 64.4% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.1 individuals.
Behavior: Rather shy and non-aggressive at feeders. Submissive to most other birds.
Feeder: Favors dense vegetation and thickets it uses to approach feeders and hide.

The brown thrasher is a year-round resident in North Carolina.

Nest: It builds a relatively large cup-shaped nest in dense vegetation 2-7 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: Brown thrashers breed in mid-April through late August.
Breeding period: Brown thrashers lay 2-6 pale bluish or greenish eggs with reddish-brown speckles. It takes about 25 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Brown thrashers live at least 10 years and 11 months.


JAYS & CROWS

Jays and crows belong to the avian family Corvidae (Corvids), which are among the most familiar birds to many. The blue jay is a frequent visitor to bird feeders in North Carolina.

Corvids are diet generalists, including just about anything edible in their diets. They can eat seeds, fruits, insects, and even small mammals. They are bird nest robbers, and some feed on carrion. Corvids are opportunistic and visit all types of North Carolina backyard feeders that offer any type of food. 


Blue Jay

Length 11″, Weight 3 oz

Identification: The blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata) is blue and black above, with white markings. Below can be whitish to pale gray. It has a conspicuous crest and black necklace.
Food: Attract blue jays with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, suet, cracked corn, suet, peanuts, peanut hearts, fruit, millet, milo, and mealworms.
Feeder: Blue jays favor large tube feeders, suet cages, large hopper feeders, platform feeders, and the ground.
Frequency: Blue jays visit 66.7% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 1.8 individuals.
Behavior: Aggressive and dominant at feeders. Submissive only to starlings, common grackles, red-bellied woodpecker, and crows.
Backyard: Favors all yard conditions, including urban yards with sufficient trees.

The blue jay is a common year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: Blue jays build a cup-shaped nest in various conditions 10-25 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: Blue jays breed in late March through late August.
Breeding period: Blue jays lay 2-7 bluish to brownish eggs with brown spots. It takes about 27 days from egg-laying (incubation period 18 days, nestling period 20 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Blue jays live at least 26 years and 11 months.


American Crow

Length 17.5″, Weight 1 lb

Identification: The American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) is all black. It is large and social, moving about in flocks of various sizes. Juveniles have a dull black plumage without the glossy appearance of the adults.
Food: Attract American crows with oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, nyjer, cracked corn, peanut hearts, fruit, millet, oats, and milo.
Feeder: The American crow favors platform feeders and the Ground.
Frequency: American crows visit 40.7% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 2.3 individuals.
Behavior: Aggressive and dominant over most other feeder birds. Takes over feeders when present.
Backyard: Favors open country, agricultural fields, and similar open habitats. Present in some urban areas but not in others.

The American crow is a year-round resident in North Carolina.

Nest: It builds a simple platform or accumulation of twigs in trees or tall shrubs 10 to 70 above the ground.
Breeding season: American crows breed in mid-March through late July.
Breeding period: The American crow lays 3-9 greenish-olive eggs blotched with brown concentrated on the wide side of the egg. It takes about 47 days from egg-laying (incubation period 17 days, nestling period 30 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: American crows live at least 17 years and five months.


BLUEBIRDS & ROBINS

Bluebirds and Robins belong to the avian family Turdidae. In North Carolina, bird feeder visitors in this family include the eastern bluebird and the American robin.

Robins and bluebirds feed mostly on insects and little fruit during the breeding season. During the non-breeding season, their diet includes a greater proportion of fruit. They generally visit North Carolina bird feeders that offer mealworms and suet.


Eastern Bluebird

Length 7″, Weight 1.1 oz

Identification: Adult male eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) are deep blue above with a red-brick breast and belly. Females have a bluish-gray back, blue on the wings and tail, and rich brown breasts. Juveniles are a darker gray with white spotting in the breasts.
Food: Attract eastern bluebirds with mealworms, suet, peanut hearts, and fruit.
Feeder: It favors platform feeders and the ground.
Frequency: Eastern bluebirds visit 80.7% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 2.2 individuals.
Behavior: Non-aggressive and easy-going at feeders. Submissive to other even smaller birds.
Backyard: Favors open fields, open woodlands, and park-like habitats. Favor feeders in open spaces.

The eastern bluebird is a year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: It builds a cup-shaped nest within natural or woodpecker excavated cavities at any height from the ground. It readily takes nesting boxes.
Breeding season: The eastern bluebird breeds in mid-February through late September.
Breeding period: Eastern bluebirds lay 2-7 pale blue or rarely white or pink eggs. It takes about 35 days from egg-laying (incubation period 16 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Eastern bluebirds live at least 10 years and 6 months.


American Robin

Length 10″, Weight 2.7 oz

Identification: The American robin (Turdus migratorius) is gray above with a blackish head and yellow-orange bill. Reddish-brown below. Colors are more saturated during the breeding season.
Food: Attract American robins with hulled sunflower seeds, suet, peanut hearts, fruit, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors platform feeders and the ground.
Frequency: The American robin visits 64.9% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 2.4 individuals.
Behavior: Non-aggressive at feeders. Usually feeds on the ground and jumps to platform feeders.
Backyard: Favors relatively open habitats and yards with feeders in open spaces.

The American robin is a year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: It builds a well-shaped cup on forks or horizontal branches 5-25 feet above the ground. They can also nest on the ground, light fixtures, house ledges, and bridges.
Breeding season: American robins breed in April through mid-August.
Breeding period: The American Robin lays 3-5 distinctively blue eggs with no markings. It takes about 26 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: American robins live at least 13 years and 11 months.


WOODPECKERS

Only two woodpeckers, the red-bellied and downy woodpeckers, are regular visitors to backyard bird feeders in North Carolina.

Woodpeckers feed on insects, other arthropods, fruit, nectar, and seeds. The red-bellied woodpecker often takes seeds from feeders to cash elsewhere for later consumption.


Red-bellied Woodpecker

Length 9.3″, Weight 2.2 oz

Identification: The red-bellied woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) has black-and-white barring on the back and wings, plain brownish breast and face, and red nape. Young birds lack the red on the nape. It shows a red wash on the belly.
Food: Attract red-bellied woodpecker with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled Sunflower seeds, safflower, suet, cracked corn, peanuts, peanut hearts, nectar, fruit, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors suet cage, large hopper, platform, and nectar feeders.
Frequency: The red-bellied woodpecker visits 82.2% of backyard bird feeders in North Carolina in groups of 1.6 individuals.
Behavior: It is among the most aggressive and dominant over most other birds at feeders. Submissive only to common grackles and crows.
Backyard: Favors relatively open yards but is not picky about yard conditions.

The red-bellied woodpecker is a common year-round resident bird in North Carolina.

Nest: It excavates its cavities in dead trees, uses pre-existing cavities, and takes nesting boxes.
Breeding season: Red-bellied woodpeckers breed in mid-April through mid-September.
Breeding period: The red-bellied woodpecker lays 2-6 white eggs. It takes about 32 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 25 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Red-bellied woodpeckers live at least 12 years and 3 months.


Downy Woodpecker

Length 6.7″, Weight 0.95 oz

Identification: The downy woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens) is a tiny black and white woodpecker. Males have a red spot on the nape, which is missing in the female. Note the relatively short bill.
Food: Attract downy woodpeckers with suet, black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, peanuts, peanut hearts, and mealworms.
Feeder: Downy woodpeckers favor suet cages, large and small hopper, and platform feeders.
Frequency: The downy woodpecker visits 85.3% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.3 individuals.
Behavior: Generally non-aggressive but dominant over smaller birds and submissive to larger ones.
Backyard: Downy woodpeckers favors semi-open woodlands and wooded urban areas. They are more likely to visit backyard feeders located in or near these habitat types.

The downy woodpecker is a fairly common year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: Downy woodpeckers nest in cavities they excavate in dead branches at variable heights from the ground.
Breeding season: Downy woodpeckers breed in early March through early July.
Breeding period: Downy woodpeckers lay 3-8 white round eggs. It takes about 31 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 19 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: House finches live at least 11 years and 11 months.


TITMOUSE & CHICKADEE

Titmice and chickadees belong to the avian family Paridae. They feed mostly on insects, but when they are scarce, they switch to seeds, buds, and fruit.

As the cold winter, months approach, the tufted titmouse and Carolina chickadee store food for later consumption. They are often observed taking food from feeders into the woods to consume or cash it in the bark of trees and holes for later consumption.


Tufted Titmouse

Length 6.5″, Weight 0.75 oz

Identification: The tufted titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor) is gray above with pale breast, belly, and orange-brown flanks. It has a conspicuous gray crest and black forehead.
Food: Attract tufted titmouse with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, nyjer, suet, peanuts, peanut hearts, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors large and small tube feeders, suet cage, large hopper, small hopper, and platform feeders.
Frequency: The tufted titmouse visits 94.6% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.8 individuals.
Behavior: Nonaggressive and submissive to most larger birds.
Backyard: The tufted titmouse is a bird of woodlands. It visits feeders placed in its habitat and hardly ever ventures out to bird feeders in open habitats.

The tufted titmouse is a common year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: The tufted titmouse nests in natural tree cavities and cavities excavated by woodpeckers. They also use nest boxes.
Breeding season: Tufted titmice breed in early April through mid-July.
Breeding period: The tufted titmouse lays 3-9 white to creamy white eggs spotted with rich reddish-brown. It takes about 29 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 16 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Tufted titmice live at least 12 years and five months.


Carolina Chickadee

Length 4.7″, Weight 0.4 oz

Identification: The Carolina chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) is bluish gray above and grayish-brown below with a pale center of the belly. It has a distinctive black cap and throat separated by broad white sides of the head.
Food: Attract Carolina chickadees with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower, nyjer, suet, peanuts, peanut hearts, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors Large and small tube feeders, suet cages, large hoppers, and platform feeders.
Frequency: The Carolina chickadee visits 93.8% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.7 individuals.
Behavior: Non-aggressive at feeders. It usually takes one seed at a time and leaves to eat it or store it before it returns to the feeder for more. Submissive to most birds visiting feeders in North Carolina.
Backyard: Chickadees are birds of woodlands. Readily visit the feeder placed within its natural habitat.

The Carolina chickadee is a year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: It nests in cavities pairs excavate in rotten soft wood. I also use existing cavities such as those excavated by woodpeckers.
Breeding season: Carolina chickadees breed in late March through mid-September.
Breeding period: Carolina chickadees lay 3-10 eggs, white with brown spots concentrated on the wide side of the egg. It takes about 27 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: The Carolina chickadee lives at least 10 years and 8 months.


NUTHATCHES

North Carolina has three nuthatches, two of which are frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders in the state. Nuthatches are small birds with a relatively long bill that belong to the avian family Sittidae.

Nuthatches use a peculiar tree-climbing method using only their strong legs and feet. Unlike woodpeckers, nuthatches do not use their tail as props and climb trees in all directions, including vertically head down.

They feed on small insects and seeds and regularly associate with specific habitat types. They are more likely to visit North Carolina bird feeders located in backyards near their preferred habitat.

White-breasted Nuthatch

Length 5.7″, Weight 0.7 oz

Identification: The white-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) has white sides of the head, throat, and belly. It has a black narrow cap and a bluish-gray back. The lower belly is chestnut.
Food: Attract white-breasted nuthatch with peanut hearts, hulled sunflower seeds, and suet. It also takes millet.
Feeder: It clings, often head down to large tube, large hopper, and platform feeders.
Frequency: The white-breasted nuthatch visits 75.1% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.27 individuals.
Behavior: This small nuthatch can be feisty and aggressive towards other birds but loses to cardinals, woodpeckers, grackles, and blue jays.
Backyard: The white-breasted nuthatch is a bird of deciduous and semi-open woodlands. It tends to visit backyard feeders located in or near these habitat types.

The white-breasted nuthatch is a year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: Nesting pairs excavate cavities in decayed wood. They also use existing cavities excavated by woodpeckers.
Breeding season: The white-breasted nuthatch breeds in June through September.
Breeding period: The white-breasted nuthatch lays 5-9 creamy white speckled with light brown eggs. It takes approximately 39 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 26 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: The white-breasted nuthatch lives at least nine years and nine months.


Brown-headed Nuthatch

Length 4.5″, Weight 0.4 oz

Identification: The brown-headed nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) has a bluish-gray back and distinctive brown cap. The throat and breast are white. Juveniles are a dull version of adults.
Food: Attract brown-headed nuthatches with suet. They also like hulled sunflower seeds, peanut hearts, and millet.
Feeder: It favors large and small tube feeders where it often clings head down. It also uses large hopper and platform feeders.
Frequency: The brown-headed nuthatch visits 63.5% of bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.3 individuals.
Behavior: Non-aggressive, though it can be feisty to birds of the same size but loses against larger birds.
Backyard: The brown-headed nuthatch is a bird of pine woodlands. It is more likely to visit backyard feeders in or adjacent to pine woodlands.

The brown-headed nuthatch is a year-round resident in the State of North Carolina.

Nest: It nests in cavities the breeding pair excavates in decayed wood. The brown-headed nuthatch also nests in existing cavities excavated by woodpeckers.
Breeding season: The brown-head nuthatch breeds during June through September.
Breeding period: The brown-headed nuthatch lays 3-7 whitish eggs with reddish-brown spots. It takes approximately 31 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 18 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: The brown-headed nuthatch lives at least five years and nine months.


WRENS

Wrens, in general, are not known as regular bird feeder visitors anywhere. However, in North Carolina, the Carolina wren is a regular visitor to backyard feeders. 

Wrens feed on insects and other small invertebrates they find in dense foliage close to the ground. They also supplement their diet with some berries and seeds. The Carolina wren is a great songster.


Carolina Wren

Length 5.5″, Weight 0.74 oz

Identification: The Carolina wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus) is Reddish-brown on the back wings and tail, with dusky markings. It has buffy-brown underparts. Note the bold white eyebrow and slightly decurved bill. It is a great songster.
Food: Attract Carolina wrens with hulled sunflower seeds, suet, peanuts, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors large tube feeder, small tube feeder, suet cage, large hopper, platform, and the ground.
Frequency: The Carolina wren visit 90.2% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.4 individuals
Behavior: It is often shy at feeders and does not stay out of dense vegetation for long.  Submissive to most other birds.
Backyard: Carolina wrens favor dense vegetation, tangled understory, or brush piles that they use to approach bird feeders and return for cover.

The Carolina wren is a year-round resident in North Carolina.

Nest: The Carolina wren builds a bulky oven-shaped nest with a side entrance. The nest is placed in broken-off stumps and limbs 3-6 feet above the ground. It often nests in hanging planters and hanging decorations on porches.
Breeding season: Carolina wrens breed in late March through early October.
Breeding period: Carolina wrens lay 3-7 creamy-white eggs with brown spots. It takes about 27 days from egg-laying (incubation period 13 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Carolina wrens live at least 7 years and 8 months.


WARBLERS

Warblers generally do not visit bird feeders. Most warblers in North America feed on insects and other small invertebrates, but some include fruit, nectar, and small seeds during the winter or non-breeding season. The pine warbler is a year-round resident in North Carolina, while the yellow-rumped warbler is a fall and winter visitor. 


Pine Warbler

Length 5.5″, Weight 0.42 oz

Identification: The pine warbler (Setophaga pinus) has a yellow throat, yellow-olive belly, head, and back. The wings are gray with pale markings and two wing bars. Females and immatures are dull gray-brown. Note the two white wing bars in both sexes and ages.
Food: Attract pine warblers with hulled sunflower seeds, suet, peanuts hearts, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors large and small tube feeders, suet cage, large and small hopper, and platform feeders.
Frequency: The pine warbler visits 66.% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.4 individuals.
Behavior: Nonaggressive at feeders. Submissive to other larger birds.
Backyard: Favors pine woodlands. It tends to visit birdfeeders located in or near pine woodlands.

The pine warbler is a year-round resident in North Carolina.

Nest: Pine warblers build an open cup, usually in pine trees or hardwoods, 30 to 55 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: Pine warblers breed in late March through late July.
Breeding period: Pine warbler lay 3-5 grayish eggs with brown spots. It takes about 22 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 14 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Pine warblers live at least 7 years and 10 months.


Yellow-rumped Warbler

Length 0.5″, Weight 0.43 oz

Identification: The yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata) in winter plumage is grayish-brown with blackish streaks. The throat is whitish. The rump and sides of the breast and belly are yellow. It has two distinctive white wing bars.
Food: Attract yellow-rumped warbler with hulled sunflower seeds, suet, peanuts, peanut hearts, nectar, fruit, and mealworms.
Feeder: It favors large and small tube feeders, suet cage, large and small hopper feeders, fruit, and nectar feeders.
Frequency: Yellow-rumped warblers visit 55.6% of backyard bird feeders in the State of North Carolina in groups of 1.4 individuals.
Behavior: A non-aggressive visitor to feeders. It is submissive to most other birds at feeders.
Backyard: Yellow-rumped warblers favor semi-open woodland and yards where it moves about in flocks.

The yellow-rumped warbler is a non-breeding visitor in the State of North Carolina. Expect it at your feeders between October and May.

Nest: It builds an open cup on horizontal branches in coniferous forests 4-50 feet above the ground.
Breeding season: The yellow-rumped warbler breeds in mid-May through late August.
Breeding period: Yellow-rumped warblers lay 1-6 whitish eggs speckled with reddish-brown. It takes about 25 days from egg-laying (incubation period 12 days, nestling period 12 days) until fledging.
Lifespan: Yellow-rumped warblers live at least 10 years.


Photo Credits:

Photographic material used in this guide was made available on various websites. Many thanks to Andrew Morffew, Mark Mochell, Elizabeth Milson, Duzan Brinkhuizen, Matt Weller, Troy Anderson, Dennis Church, Wendy Miller, Rick From Alabama, Carlos Sanchez, John Benson, Mick Thompson, Steve Guttman, Victor Espinoza, Kelly Colgan-Azar, Andy Reago, Chrissy McLarren, Garry C., Michael Janke, Cuatro77, Linda Fortuna, Vicky DeLoach, Paul Hurtado, Tom Murray, Tom Wilberding, Patricia Pierce, Kenneth Cole-Schneider, Doug Greenberg, Brian Garrett, David White, Victoria Pickering, Becky Matsubara, Dan Mooney, and Julio Mulero.

Voices:

Most recordings were made by Paul Marvin (Xeno-canto https://xeno-canto.org/contributor/RFTXRYBVBX)

References and Sources:

  • eBird. (https://ebird.org/)
  • Project Feederwatch (https://feederwatch.org/)
  • Sibley, David, 2000, The Sibley Guide to Birds.
  • Species Longevity Data: United States Geological Survey (https://www.usgs.gov/)
  • Wikipedia. (https://www.wikipedia.org/)

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